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POUR LE SUJET: L'homme est-il réellement libre ?
TAPEZ LES MOTS-CLES: homme libre

POUR LE SUJET: En quel sens la société libère-t-elle l'homme de la nature ?
TAPEZ LES MOTS-CLES: homme nature ou homme nature société
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LA QUESTION DU JOUR
519 - Parmi ces noms de marque, lequel est sans rapport avec la photographie?
A
Pentax
B
Philips
C
Sigma
Réponse
Fermer
La bonne reponse est : B
Correction :
Philips ne fabrique pas d'appareils photo. C'est l'activité principale de Pentax et Sigma et l'une des nombreuses activités de Sony.


Les nouveautés du site

Noon: Rest, St-Remy 1890 and The Sower, Etten 1881 (after Millet) - Vincent Van Gogh

Throughout his life Van Gogh referred to paintings by the French painter Millet, who was a strong influence in his life. He made copies of works by Millet throughout his career, originally with similar colour values but later on with more intense colour, thus changing the effect of the picture. The sower in Millet's painting was a rather noble...

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Breton Women and Children, Arles 1888 (after Bernard) - Vincent Van Gogh

In this painting Van Gogh was observing and trying to learn from Bernard, a painter he had met in Paris and become friendly with. Bernard and Gauguin (another of Van Gogh's artist friends) had been to Brittany to paint the local figures in their traditional costumes and had tried to ignore the normal rules of perspective, producing works...

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Pictures after Bernard, Millet, Delacroix, Gauguin, Renoir, Seurat, Pissarro and Hiroshige - Vincent Van Gogh

Van Gogh's correspondence with Theo gives plenty of hints as to the influences that guided his artistic career. Sometimes he reeled off whole lists of artists who had caught his eye, many of whom have since drifted out of fashion and been forgotten. He very much admired the illustrations of The Graphic and the Illustrated London News, and every...

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Peasant Woman Winding Bobbin, Nuenen 1884 - Vincent Van Gogh

Van Gogh kept on working on the theme of the local peasant population of Nuenen and continued to draw from life. This painting of a woman winding a bobbin is similar to other works he produced of peasant weavers in their cottages. These paintings are typified by their very low-key colour values and are almost tonal paintings, which...

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Peasant Woman Stooping and Gleaning, Nuenen 1885 - Vincent Van Gogh

Van Gogh's studies of peasant women, bent over, working at a tiring activity, give the viewer an understanding of his models. This black-chalk drawing demonstrates the strong compositional tendencies that his drawings were now showing. It is drawn to a very high standard, especially the massing of shapes to create powerful expressions of the activities. His chalk strokes...

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Peasant Woman Digging, Nuenen 1885 - Vincent Van Gogh

The strong figure of the bent woman digging her spade into the earth is beautifully set against the sunlit hay in the field behind her. The dark, upper part of the background suggests trees and helps to throw into emphasis her sunlit haunches, back and head, giving a strong sense of dimension and substance. ...

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Women Miners, The Hague 1882 - Vincent Van Gogh

This watercolour heightened with white is a bleak picture of the laborious toil of these women who carry heavy bags of coal on their heads and shoulders and trudge through the snow of a cold Netherlands winter. The drab browns and blues of the dark figures clearly silhouetted against the snowy ground, the regular bare trees spaced out...

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Man Pulling Harrow, Drenthe 1883 - Vincent Van Gogh

This early drawing, included in a letter to his brother Theo, has an element of Van Gogh's later symbolic theme of a lone figure in a field. This particular figure does not appear to have any real symbolic meaning, but its dominating presence in the flat landscape is obviously something which struck Van Gogh as central to the...

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Seamstress from Scheveningen, Etten 1881 - Vincent Van Gogh

This work of a country-woman sewing, painted in watercolour and heightened by white, was painted by Van Gogh partly while she was posing and partly from drawings. It shows how his understanding of the values of texture and tone produced a scene that is full of depth and interest while remaining simple. The marks are fine and produce...

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Weaver Seen from Side, Nuenen 1884 - Vincent Van Gogh

In this painting. Van Gogh produces a very convincing interior painting reminiscent of Rembrandt in its tone and colour. With the clearly drawn framework of the loom set in the space of the small cottage of the weaver, the low-key colour values are realistic in their feeling of an unembellished working environment. ...

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Peasants, miners, farmhands and cottage industries - Vincent Van Gogh

All his adult life Van Gogh identified with working men and women; the industrial workers, servants and farm labourers - even prostitutes - whose rights were least considered by the middle and upper classes but whose labour was demanded unquestioning. In 1876 Van Gogh became very keen to obtain 'a job between clergyman and missionary among working people in...

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Figure on a Road, Nuenen 1884 - Vincent Van Gogh

This rather classic scene, typically Dutch with its limited colour range and tonality, is in pen and brown ink on huff paper. The scene, of an avenue of trees with the sun casting long shadows across the road and a lone figure, was produced, among others, by Van Gogh while he was in Nuenen. ...

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Old Man with Pipe, Nuenen 1883 - Vincent Van Gogh

This typical study, in pen and ink and charcoal, is of an old working man in his smock and trousers, tied with string. He is obviously taking a break from his work, possibly in front of a fire. ...

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Peasant Woman's Head, Nuenen 1885 - Vincent Van Gogh

The head of this peasant woman is handled in a similar manner to other peasant portraits he painted around this time. Van Gogh's desire to show sincerely and truthfully the qualities of a peasant is apparent in this portrayal. ...

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Hands, Nuenen 1885 - Vincent Van Gogh

While working towards his large painting The Potato Eaters, Van (iogh spent a lot of time drawing details of peasant life. He produced at least forty studies of hands, heads and complete figures in different positions in order to work out his final composition. This work is one such study although it was not actually eventually used in...

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The Potato Eaters, Nuenen 1885 - Vincent Van Gogh

By now Van Gogh had ended his happy domestic arrangement with his model and lover, Sien, as her mother had persuaded her to revert to her previous employment as a prostitute. Van Gogh's parents took him hack into their home at Nuenen and helped support him while he worked as an artist. At about this stage Van Gogh spent...

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Men and Women Miners Going to Work, The Borinage 1880 - Vincent Van Gogh

This watercolour drawing was made by Van Gogh while he was in, or soon after he left, the Brussels mining district of the Borinage. It serves as an example of his ability even before he began to draw and paint seriously. ...

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The Loyers' House, Hackford, London 1875 - Vincent Van Gogh

When Van Gogh was in England he went to the Royal Academy Summer Show and noted the beauty of the paintings by Tissot, the painter of society scenes. He admired many of the current artists and in a letter to Theo gives a list of names of contemporary painters. He said, 'most people did not admire enough' and...

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Encyclopédie: Kazan, Elia

(Elia Kazanjoglou, dit, 1909-2003) Cinéaste américain d'origine turque. Il arrive aux Etats-Unis à l'âge de 4 ans. Très tôt, il s'intéresse au théâtre, et en particulier au travail de Stanislavski. Ancien membre du parti communiste, il fut accusé de "trahison" lorsqu'il livra aux maccartistes le nom de plusieurs personnes soupçonnées d'activités "antiaméricaines". Cette action le poursuivra jusqu'à la...

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ENCYCLOPEDIE: Impressionnisme

Mouvement artistique touchant la peinture, la littérature et la musique, apparu en France dans les années 1860-1865. En réaction contre le classicisme et la peinture académique, un groupe de peintres s'inspire des recherches de Turner, de Constable et de Gustave Courbet ainsi que de l'école de Barbizon, avec Camille Corot, et cherche à traduire picturalement l'impression ressentie....

5 pages - 1,80 ¤

Opéra

Oeuvre dramatique mise en musique et chantée. Les premiers opéras Les débuts de l'opéra se situent vers 1600 à Florence, lorsque fut tenté, dans l'esprit de la Renaissance, de raviver la tragédie antique ("Dramma per musica"). Un petit groupe de musiciens et de personnalités littéraires, la "camerata" florentine, se réunissait alors chez le comte Bardi pour faire revivre la...

6 pages - 1,80 ¤

Article de presse: Jean Vilar fonde le Festival d'Avignon

1947 - En 1947, Jean Vilar fonde le Festival d'Avignon, où il joue Shakespeare et Claudel. Quatre ans plus tard, il est nommé directeur du TNP. La grande salle du palais de Chaillot où il doit s'installer étant encore occupée par l'ONU. Le nouveau théâtre donne ses premières représentations du Cid et de Mère Courage Suresnes....

2 pages - 1,80 ¤

Saint-Pierre de Rome

(ou Basilique vaticane) Basilique pontificale, la plus vaste de la chrétienté, située à Rome. Initialement, c'était une basilique à cinq nefs élevée sur le tombeau de l'apôtre Pierre. Sa construction s'est déroulée durant le règne de Constantin le Grand et a duré quinze ans (315-350). Deuxième grand édifice romain après la basilique du Latran, l'ancienne Saint-Pierre fait partie des...

5 pages - 1,80 ¤

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