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POUR LE SUJET: L'homme est-il réellement libre ?
TAPEZ LES MOTS-CLES: homme libre

POUR LE SUJET: En quel sens la société libère-t-elle l'homme de la nature ?
TAPEZ LES MOTS-CLES: homme nature ou homme nature société
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Toutes les dissertations

Badoglio, Pietro

Badoglio, Pietro (1871–1956) Italy's head of state after the removal of Mussolini After the downfall of Benito Mussolini as dictator of fascist Italy in 1943, the government devolved upon Marshal Pietro Badoglio, who concluded an armistice with the Allies in September 1943, even as his country continued to be occupied by the Germans, Italy's erstwhile ally. Badoglio was commissioned an artillery officer in the Italian Army...

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Bader, Douglas

Bader, Douglas (1910–1982) British aviator hero For Britons, standing alone against Germany during after the Battle of France and during the Battle of Britain, Douglas Bader was one of the great heroic figures of the war and the embodiment of resistance against all odds. Born in London, the son of a soldier killed in World War I, Bader studied at Oxford and at the Royal Air...

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Axmann, Artur

Axmann, Artur (1913–1996) founder of the Hitler Youth movement Born on February 18, 1913, in Hagen, Germany, Axmann studied law, became an early member of the Nazi Party (NSDAP), and, in 1928, established the first Hitler Youth group, in Westphalia. In 1932, the party summoned him to reorganize all Nazi youth cells throughout the country. The following year he was named chief of the Social Office...

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Nausicaa

Greek Daughter of Alcinous, king of the Phaecians. It was she who discovered Odysseus when he was shipwrecked on the island of Scheria on his way back to Ithaca after the Trojan War. She took him as a guest to her father's court, a place of peace and luxury. The location of Scheria and the Phaecian kingdom is unknown....

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Narcissus

Greek The son of the river god Cephissus and Liriope. He was a beautiful man. When he rejected the love of Echo, a Nymph, Nemesis, the goddess of vegeance, condemned Narcissus to reject all love except that of his own image reflected in a pool. Narcissus pined away and changed into a beautiful flower that bears his name. The story of Echo and Narcissus is...

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Myrtilus

Greek Son of the god Hermes and a mortal woman. He was the charioteer of King Oenomaus of Pisa in Elis, in northeast Peloponnesus. When Pelops came to compete in a chariot race with Oenomaus for the hand of the king's daughter Hippodameia, Pelops persuaded Myrtilus to fix Oenomaus's chariot so that it would overturn. Myrtilus did as Pelops asked; Pelops won the race and the...

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Myrmidons

Greek Warlike people of ancient Thessaly, in the eastern part of the Greek mainland, who accompanied the hero Achilles into battle in the Trojan War. According to some legends, the Myrmidons were ants turned into people by Zeus to increase the population of Thessaly after a plague sent by his wife, Hera, had killed thousands....

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Mycenae

Greek An ancient city of Greece situated in Argos, in the northern Peloponnesus. It was the center of the important Mycenaean civilization, which was roughly contemporary with that of the Minoan civilization of Crete. In mythology, Mycenae was the royal city of Agamemnon....

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Muses

Greek Originally deities of springs, later designated as goddesses of various human inspirations. In later mythologies, the Muses were the daughters of the god Zeus and Mnemosyne (Memory). The Muses sang and danced, led by the god Apollo, at celebrations given by the gods and heroes. They were the personifications of the highest aspirations and intellectual minds and represented a remarkable and attractive conception in Greek...

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Mors

(Death) Roman The goddess or personification of death. Little is known about this goddess, and scholars suspect that she was more an idea than a personality. The Greek equivalent was the god Thanatos....

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Moria

(Folly) Greek The heroine of a story of overcoming death. Moria was a woman from Lydia, a kingdom in Asia Minor. One day, as her brother, Tylus, was walking along a river bank, a snake bit him. Tylus died instantly. Moria, seeing the tragedy, called upon the powers of the giant Danasen, a son of Gaia, an ancient Greek Earth Mother. The giant answered Moria's...

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Moirae

(Moirai) Greek Greek spirits; personification of fate and destiny in an individual's life. Each person had his or her own Moirae. The spirits represented a law of nature, a sense of determination. No mortal human could overcome their power. Even the gods could not break the ruling of the Moirae without seriously jeopardizing all of existence. In Roman mythology, these spirits were known as the...

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Minthe

(Menthe) Greek A naiad, or river nymph of the Cocytus, a river that flowed to the underworld. She was beloved by Hades (or Pluto). In jealous rage, the wife of Hades, Persephone (or perhaps her mother, Demeter), stamped the nymph into the ground. Hades then transformed her into a fragrant herb, mint. The legend of Minthe was probably the result of the use of herbs, especially...

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Minotaur

Greek A mythical monster, halfhuman, half-bull, the offspring of Pasiphaë and a bull. Pasiphaë was the wife of King Minos of Crete. Minos wanted to keep the Minotaur hidden from the world. He asked Daedalus, the great inventor, to design a hiding place that would remain forever secret. Daedalus designed the labyrinth, a maze so full of tortuous passages that no one who entered could find...

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Minos

Greek Son of Zeus and Europa. When Europa arrived in Crete, she married the King Asterion, who adopted her children, including Minos, Rhadamanthus, and Sarpedon. With Pasiphaë, Minos was the father of Androgeus, Ariadne, and Phaedra. Minos succeeded Asterion to the throne of Crete. He became so well known for his wisdom and sense of justice that after his death he was made a judge...

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Minerva

Roman A Goddess of Etruscan or perhaps Sabine origins. Over time, the Romans elevated Minerva to a high-ranking position and she joined with Jupiter and Juno to form the main triad of Roman worship, replacing an earlier triad of Jupiter, Mars, and Quirinus. In her earliest form, Minerva was a goddess of education and business worshiped by the Etruscans and neighboring peoples of central Italy. She...

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Midas

Greek A mythical king of Phrygia, an ancient region of central Asia Minor; son of the goddess Cybele and Gordius, from whom he inherited the throne. In Greek mythology, there are two wellknown stories about Midas: one in which everything he touches turns to gold and another in which an angry god gives King Midas donkey's ears. Midas and the Golden Touch Midas, king of Phrygia,...

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Metis

(Wisdom) Greek A Titan, daughter of Oceanus and Tethys, an Oceanid, or ocean Nymph, who was counted among the Titans. According to Hesiod, Metis was the first wife of the god Zeus. She was the wisest of all among both mortals and gods. It was Metis who advised Zeus to give his father, Cronus, a drink that would make him cough up the siblings of...

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Merope

Greek Daughter of Atlas and Pleione; wife of Sisyphus; one of the "Seven Sisters" called the Pleiades. Merope was sometimes named "the lost star," the one invisible to the naked eye. It is said that she hid her light in shame for having married a mortal, and a disreputable one at that....

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Mercury

(Mercurius) Roman The god of trade and commerce and the supporter of success. Evidence of a cult to Mercury in Rome goes back to the sixth century b.c., and there is some evidence that he was a figure in early Etruscan mythology. According to Italian myth, Mercury was the father of Faunus, one of the oldest Roman gods. However, Mercury was one of the earliest...

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Mephitis

(Mefitis) Roman A goddess who protected the people of Rome and surrounding cities in Italy from the dangerous fumes of sulphur that spewed from the many volcanoes and the gaseous vents surrounding them. People believed that these fumes caused illness and plagues, as well as damage to their homes and cities, and called upon Mephitis to protect them from these evils. She became more commonly known...

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Menoetius

Greek A second-generation Titan; son of Iapetus and Clymene, who was a daughter of Oceanus; brother of Atlas, Prometheus, and Epimetheus. Menoetius was said to be the god of anger and harshness and was himself said to be brutal and arrogant. During the battle between the Titans and the Olympian Gods, Zeus hurled a lightning bolt at Menoetius. Some sources say he was killed, others that he...

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Menelaus

Greek King of Sparta; brother of Agamemnon; husband of Helen. The Trojan prince Paris stole the beautiful Helen from Menelaus. This act was a leading cause of the Trojan War. In some accounts, Menelaus and Helen were happily reunited after the fall of Troy....

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Meleager

Greek Son of King Oeneus of Calydon, and of Althea. A great javelin thrower, Meleager is most famous for killing the Calydonian Boar (see under Calydonian Boar hunt). A few days after his birth, the three Fates appeared before Althea. They told her that the child would die when a certain log in the fireplace burned. Althea at once snatched the wood from the fire,...

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Melanion

Melanion Greek A prince of Arcadia who won the hand of the renowned virgin huntress Atalanta. Atalanta did not want to get married, but she could not disobey the command of her father, Iasus, king of Arcadia, in the central Peloponnesus. A great athlete, Atalanta put a condition on her acceptance of a suitor: he must beat her in a footrace, or die. Many died...

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