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Publié le : 17/7/2019 -Format: Document en format HTML protégé

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l immigration
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? EXPOSE on EMIGRATION



Plane
I. INTRODUCTION
II. THE CAUSES of IMMIGRATION IN SENEGAL
III. MIGRATORY ITINERAIRES
IV. THE CONSEQUENCES of IMMIGRATION IN SENEGAL
Conclusion V.
Exhibitor
MARIAMA COLY
NICOLA NDIAYE
MADELEINE DIAMANKA
NDOYE CATY


















introduction
Immigration refers to the entry of foreign persons into a particular country or geographical area who come here for a long stay or to settle there. The word immigration comes from the Latin in-migrare which means "going back to a place." It corresponds, from the side of the country of departure, to emigration. On the margins of this phenomenon exists that of dual nationality and nomadism1. The notion of immigrants is based on declarations of place of birth and nationality.
I-The causes of immigration to Senegal
Several factors are generally cited as causing migration in general. In urban areas, increased underemployment, increased poverty, widespread unemployment, precariousness and low labour pay are factors that exacerbate emigration. Widespread degradation of living conditions in rural areas is itself a repellent factor that drives most young people to leave. The agricultural crisis due to low rainfall, drought, lack of high-performing agricultural equipment, low agricultural labour productivity, higher fertilizer prices and depreciation of raw materials (peanuts, cotton) leaves no opportunity for young people to flourish. In addition, the inadequacy of school education in the world of work and the failure of school encourage many young graduates and unemployed to leave. For skilled workers (engineers, doctors, midwives, teachers, etc.), low wages are pushing them to move abroad in search of better living conditions.In all interviews [5], illegal migrants constantly cite the impossibility of finding a job and the absence of any prospect of employment as the first factors that drive them to leave. Without a future, young people feel like they are slowly dying in their country. Emigrating is an alternative to the situation their country offers them. Emigration is first experienced as a refusal to devalue their human being set and a revolt in the face of decay. From this perspective, emigrating becomes an individual quest and an affirmation of oneself.The unease felt by young people has increased over the past number of years as a result of significant changes in most African societies and families. The increasing urbanization and its corollary, which is the rise of individualism, lead to the need to take charge of themselves in a society that is still in crisis. Migration sets to be an important element for salvation. In families, solidarity mechanisms are weakening every day as the economic crisis deepens and poverty has increased. The image of the unemployed young man who went to bed and woke up late, who was guaranteed to eat his daily meals, who drank his tea quietly all day long while listening to music, tends to gradually disappear. The eyes of others weigh more and more on the young unemployed and forced him out of the house. This look becomes inquisitive in polygamous families where rivalry between half-brothers is the rule. The departure of half a brother to Europe is reason enough to do the same. It is against a background of rivalry between co-wives that mothers families encourage their children to emigrate. They often help finance their journey to Spain and beyond.The discrepancy between the daily experience of potential migrants and the image they forge of Spain creates a "migration imagination" that in turn fuels the desire to leave. In the discourse of illegal migrants, there is a very strong "envy" of the "dream of Europe". As one young émigré who was repatriated from Spain in 2006 summed it up: "In Senegal it is misery and Spain is Paradise" [6]. Migrants believe that success is at the end of the journey and that the end justifies the means. Faced with what they see as the archaism of their own society, young people see Europe as an eldorado. This perception is fuelled by televisions that present European countries through images of wealth, freedom and happiness.The choice and decision to leave candidates for illegal emigration are also influenced by the image that emigrants on holiday in the country propagate. Returning emigrants are seen as models of success. They drive in beautiful cars, own the largest houses in some rural communities. They display material goods acquired in Spain. In the eyes of the young people who remained in the country, those who left succeeded very...


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