USA in WWI

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USA in WWI

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USA in WWI
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?I) A turning point in the war: a difficult link between Washington and Berlin
A) German submarine sinks Lusitania
On May 7th, 1915, a German U-boat torpedoed the British-owned luxury steamship Lusitania, killing 1,195 people including 123 Americans. The disaster immediately strained relations between Germany and the neutral United States, fuelled anti-German sentiment and set off a chain of events that eventually led to the United States entering World War I.
In 1906, the Lusitania was built to transport passengers on transatlantic voyages. The British Admiralty subsidized the construction of the ship, on the understanding that it would be put into military service if war broke out. After the start of the First World War in 1914, the Lusitania remained a passenger ship, although it was secretly modified for war.
In February 1915, the German Navy knew that British merchant and passenger ships were transporting arms and supplies from the United States to Europe.
As a result, Germany declared the waters around the British Isles a war zone and ceased to comply with the navy's "international price laws", which warned ships of the presence of a sub -marine. This break with the naval protocol angered and worried the United States and the European Allies.


B) The Zimmermann Telegram and the Battle of the Atlantic paroxysm: Aggravating Factors
This event therefore provoked strong hostility from American public opinion towards Germany. US President Woodrow Wilson then threatened Germany and demanded compensation. To prevent the United States from declaring war on it, Germany suspended its submarine warfare.
But at the beginning of 1917, Germany resumed on February 1st, 1917 an underwater war without restriction, its primary objective being to sink all the ships supplying the Allies, whether their country is or not at war against Germany. The American opinion having meanwhile evolved in a direction more favourable to the entry in war of the United States, this decision was regarded as a true declaration of war by the Ameri...


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USA in WWI

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