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POUR LE SUJET: L'homme est-il réellement libre ?
TAPEZ LES MOTS-CLES: homme libre

POUR LE SUJET: En quel sens la société libère-t-elle l'homme de la nature ?
TAPEZ LES MOTS-CLES: homme nature ou homme nature société
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Toutes les dissertations

Household gods

Roman Throughout ancient Rome, people believed in a variety of gods that influenced their home lives. In their homes were small altars to these gods. They performed small rituals to honor the household gods. In fact, some modern scholars suggest that the Roman cultures maintained familiar rituals from generation to generation without remembering their origins and in later times developed myths to explain these practices. The...

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Horae

Greek Daughters of Zeus and Themis; goddesses of the seasons. According to Hesiod, there were three Horae: Eirene (Peace), Dike (Justice), and Eunomia (Order). The names and numbers of the Horae differed from place to place in ancient Greece. The Horae, goddesses of flowers and fruits, controlled the four seasons, watched over agriculture, and had many names, including Thallo (flowers) and Carpo (fruits). Artwork showed...

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Honos

Roman God of honor, chivalry, and justice, particularly as displayed by soldiers. Honos was often called upon for support in military conflicts, often in prayers also offered to the goddess Virtus. Temples were built in his honor by leaders after successful battles against enemies. One stood in the city of Pompeii. On coins, Honos was often pictured as a young man carrying a spear...

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Homer

Greek The great poet of ancient Greece to whom the epic poems the Iliad and the Odyssey are usually attributed. Although he is Greece's most famous name, hardly anything is known about Homer. His birthdate is estimated between 1050 and 750 b.c. His birthplace is not known, though the island of Chios, off the coast of Ionia, in Asia Minor, is a likely location...

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Hippodameia

Greek The daughter of King Oenomaus, who lost her in a chariot race to Pelops. Hippodameia and Pelops became the parents of Atreus and Thyestes....

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Hestia

(Hearth) Greek Goddess of the hearth and fire; eldest daughter of Cronus and Rhea; sister of Zeus and Hera; one of the 12 Olympian gods. Gentle, peace-loving, and pure, Hestia kept away from all disputes. She was the embodiment of a sacred principle—the household fire—and much honored as such, though there are few surviving stories about her. Hestia and the Hearth It was a difficult...

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Hesperides

(Daughters of the West) Greek The Dryads, or wood nymphs; sisters, who lived in the beautiful garden on the western edge of the world and helped guard the tree that grew the golden apples of the goddess Hera. They were the daughters of Erebus (Darkness) and Nyx (Night) or the daughters of Atlas and Pleione or Hesperis. Some sources say there were seven sisters,...

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Hesperia

Greek A dryad, or wood Nymph; one of the sisters known as the Hesperides; either the daughters of Erebus (Darkness) and Nyx (Night) or the daughters of Atlas and Pleione or Hesperis. Her sisters, those named by people writing during the classic age of Greek mythology, were Aegle (2), Arethusa, and Erytheia....

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Hesione

Greek Daughter of Laomedon, king of Troy; sister of Priam. Laomedon offered Hesione as sacrifice to a sea monster to appease the gods Poseidon and Apollo. Heracles slew the monster and gave Hesione in marriage to Telamon, with whom she bore a son, Teucer. Hesione's brother, Priam, now king of Troy, demanded her return. The refusal of the Greeks to return Hesione to her...

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Hesiod

Greek Poet whose work is usually dated between 800 and 700 b.c. Hesiod was a poor farmer. His poem Works and Days gives us a vivid picture of everyday life in ancient Greece as it was lived by ordinary people, as opposed to the adventurers and courtiers of Homer's Iliad and Odyssey. Hesiod's Theogony is concerned with mythology; it describes the Greeks' beliefs about...

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Hermes

Greek The winged messenger of the Greek gods; son of Zeus and Maia (1). Hermes is also associated with fertility, and is god of flocks, roads, trading, and thieves. Hermes was the inventor of the lyre and the guide of souls on the way to Hades. He was the father of many, including Autolycus, Daphnis, and Hermaphroditus. In Roman mythology, he is known as...

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Hermaphroditus

Greek The son of Aphrodite and Hermes, brought up by nymphs on Mount Ida (2), in Crete. One of the nymphs, Salmacis, fell in love with Hermaphroditus but he scorned her. Salmacis prayed to be joined with him forever in one body. The gods answered her prayers, for when she finally clasped him to her their two bodies became one. In terms of mythological...

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Hercules

Roman A god, closely associated with the Greek hero Heracles. Ancient Romans also saw Hercules as the patron and guardian of merchants and soldiers. He was a helper to those in need and protected men at sea from danger and disease. A shrine to Hercules stood on the edge of the Palatine Hill in Rome. He was honored in the Roman festival calendar on...

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Herbs

Greek The mythic power of herbs to transform people and to restore life to the dead features prominently in several Greek myths. Gaia, the Earth Mother, the oldest goddess in Greek mythology, found an herb that would protect the Gigantes (Giants), some of her children, in their war with the Olympian gods. Zeus, the supreme god among the Olympians, who were themselves descendants of Gaia,...

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Heracles

(Herakles; Glory of Hera) Greek The greatest hero of Greek mythology, he was called Hercules by the Romans. Heracles was the son of the god Zeus and of a mortal, Alcmene, who was the wife of Amphitryon of Thebes. Both Alcmene and Amphitryon were descendants of the hero Perseus. Heracles was a superman and demigod and a supreme athlete but at the same time...

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Hera

(Lady) Greek Queen of Olympus, sister and wife of Zeus, daughter of Cronus and Rhea. Known as Juno by the Romans. Mother of Ares, Hebe, Hephaestus, and Eileithya. The patroness of marriage, Hera was the goddess most concerned with the welfare of women and children. Hera was an ancient goddess, existing long before the new gods, including Zeus. Her original name is unknown: Hera is...

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Hephaestus

Greek The god of craftsmen, especially smiths, and of fire; called "the divine artificer." In some accounts, Hephaestus was the son of Zeus and Hera, in some of Hera alone. The Romans gave his attributes and stories to Vulcan. Hephaestus was lame from birth and not as handsome as the other gods on Olympus. Some myths say Zeus or Hera flung him from Mount...

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Hemera

(Day, Daylight) Greek The daughter of Nyx (Night) and Erebus (Darkness); sister of Ether (Air). Mother and daughter lived in the same dwelling. At sunset, Hemera met her mother in the distant West, the realm of Atlas, where that god held up the Earth. There they exchanged places, Hemera entering the home they lived in and Nyx spreading her darkness over the world. At...

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Hellespont

(Dardanelles) Greek The long narrow channel or strait leading from the Aegean Sea into the Sea of Marmara and the Black Sea. It was an important trade route for ships traveling between Asia and Europe. There were many battles and wars for control of this channel, the most famous of which was the Trojan War. The Hellespont got its name from legends that say Helle,...

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Hellenization

Greek The processes of spreading the influence of Greek mythology, philosophy, language, and culture to societies and cultures that came in contact with the people of ancient Greece. In Greek and Roman mythology, Hellenization refers to the process by which the people of Rome and central Europe, and eventually the Roman Empire, adapted and adopted the myths of Greece as their own, though often giving...

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Hellen

Greek The son of Deucalion and Pyrrha, survivors of the Flood. He was the father of Aeolus, Dorus, and Xuthus and through them the patriarch of all the Hellenes, who were also known as Greeks....

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Helle

Greek Daughter of Athamas and Nephele; sister of Phrixus. Helle and her brother fled from Ino, their stepmother, on the back of the winged ram with the famed Golden Fleece, which Hermes sent to them. One story has it that Helle fell from the air and drowned at a place in the ocean that came to be called the Hellespont in her honor,...

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Helios

(Helius) (The sun god) Greek Helios was husband to Rhodos, the Nymph of the island of Rhodes, which he chose as his favored abode. Their children—Circe, Acetes, and Phaeton—were the first inhabitants of Rhodes. Helios is usually depicted as a charioteer who drove the Sun across the Earth from east to west each day. Helios was all-seeing and often called upon as a witness...

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Helicon, Mount

Greek The highest mountain in Boeotia, in the southern part of the Greek mainland. It was celebrated in Greek mythology as the haunt of the nine muses. The poet Hesiod lived on the slopes of Mount Helicon. In later mythology, the spring of Hippocrene, created when the winged horse Pegasus stamped his hoof, flowed just below the summit....

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Helenus

Greek Son of Priam and Hecuba; brother of Paris, Hector, and Cassandra. With his sister, Helenus shared the gift of prophecy. In Homer's Iliad, Helenus gives good advice to Hector, leader of the Trojans in the Trojan War. In the play Andromache, by Euripides, Helenus weds his fellow captive Andromache after the fall of Troy. In some accounts, Helenus becomes king of Epirus. In...

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