LE SITE D'AIDE A LA DISSERTATION ET AU COMMENTAIRE DE TEXTE EN PHILOSOPHIE

EXEMPLES DE RECHERCHE


POUR LE SUJET: L'homme est-il réellement libre ?
TAPEZ LES MOTS-CLES: homme libre

POUR LE SUJET: En quel sens la société libère-t-elle l'homme de la nature ?
TAPEZ LES MOTS-CLES: homme nature ou homme nature société
»Créer un compte Devoir-de-philo
»
»125895 inscrits

Toutes les dissertations

Asceticism

Self-denial and living a very simple life for religious reasons. Seriously religious people in virtually all traditions have given up things, especially things that appeal to the senses, for the sake of religion. They have given up food by fasting, or by subsisting only on coarse and tasteless food. They have worn only rough clothes, or even gone without clothes at all. They have lived in...

1 page - 1,80 ¤

Artemis

An ancient Greek GODDESS. In mythology she is APOLLO's twin sister. Among other functions, Artemis presided over the rituals that marked a young woman's coming of age. In character, Artemis is a virgin and a huntress. In the battle of the gods in book 21 of the Iliad, she comes off poorly. In effect, Hera disciplines her physically, and she runs to ZEUS for comfort. But...

1 page - 1,80 ¤

Art, religious

Painting, sculpture, architecture, music, dance, poetry, drama, and stories that are created for religious purposes. In its broadest sense, art refers to all that is made by human beings to convey beauty, pleasure, and meaning through its form, whether that be in matter, words, or sound. It even includes such "minor" arts as garden landscaping and jewelry making. All these arts have been given religious...

1 page - 1,80 ¤

Armenian Church

The distinctive Christian institution of Armenia. Armenia is a region in northeastern Turkey and northwestern Iran, and includes an independent commonwealth between the Black and the Caspian Seas. No one knows exactly when CHRISTIANITY fi rst arrived there. In 314 C.E. Tiridates, the king of the country, converted to Christianity. Armenia then became the fi rst nation in which Christianity was the established or offi...

1 page - 1,80 ¤

Arhat

A Sanskrit word meaning "worthy, venerable"; a person who has attained enlightenment by following the path of the BUDDHA. The arhat is an important fi gure in THERAVADA BUDDHISM, the form of BUDDHISM found in southeast Asia. Theravada talks about four stages leading to enlightenment: the stage of the stream-winner (one who will attain enlightenment in a future life), the once-returner (one who will attain...

1 page - 1,80 ¤

Arctic religions

The religions of the far northern regions of Europe, Asia, and North America. The term Arctic religions usually refers to the traditional religions of Arctic peoples. Today, most of them practice CHRISTIANITY. For example, the Inuit (formerly called Eskimo) of North America mainly practice ROMAN CATHOLICISM and ANGLICANISM. The Saami (formerly called Lapps) in Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Russia practice LUTHERANISM and EASTERN ORTHODOX CHRISTIANITY. The former...

1 page - 1,80 ¤

Architecture, religious

The design of buildings for specifi cally religious purposes. Religious traditions have always wanted to set aside sacred places for WORSHIP, seeing them as dwelling places of gods or as locations where the presence of the divine could be especially experienced. The caves of the Old Stone Age from as far back as 35,000 years ago, with their wonderful paintings of animals located almost inaccessibly...

1 page - 1,80 ¤

Archetype

Pattern or model. Two important 20th-century thinkers about religions developed the term archetype in very infl uential ways: Carl Gustav JUNG and Mircea ELIADE. Jung was a psychologist. He believed that all human beings shared a certain kind of unconscious, the "collective unconscious." In his eyes, the collective unconscious contained fundamental symbols or archetypes necessary to personal wellbeing. One example is the MANDALA, a geometric diagram of...

1 page - 1,80 ¤

Archaeology and religion

The study of objects that human beings made and used in the past, and the ways in which that study affects scholars' understanding of religions and the claims religions make. WHAT IS ARCHAEOLOGY? Religious people have been interested in artifacts from the past for a long time. For example, in the eighth century B.C.E. people in Greece began to WORSHIP heroes (see HEROES AND HERO MYTHS)...

1 page - 1,80 ¤

Aquinas, Thomas

(c. 1224–1274) the most important Christian theologian of the European Middle Ages Thomas was the son of an Italian count. He became a Dominican friar (see DOMINICANS) and devoted his life to teaching and writing THEOLOGY. His greatest book was the Summa Theologica (1266–73), "the summary of all theology." In Thomas's day western Europeans were just discovering the ideas of the Greek philosopher Aristotle (384–322 B.C.E.). Thomas...

1 page - 1,80 ¤

Apostles

From a Greek word meaning "sent out"; the earliest leaders of the Christian church. The word apostle often refers to the 12 special disciples whom JESUS "sent out" into the world. Judas Iscariot, who betrayed Jesus, was originally one of the 12; according to the NEW TESTAMENT (see BIBLE, BIBLICAL LITERATURE), GOD chose Matthias to take his place (ACTS OF THE APOSTLES 1.15–26). The word...

1 page - 1,80 ¤

Apollo

An ancient Greek god of social order and law. Artwork shows Apollo as an ideal young man, just reaching maturity, often holding a bow or a lyre. He seems especially to have been the protector of young men as they became old enough to enter public life. More broadly, Apollo was a god of order and justice. As such, the Greeks routinely consulted...

1 page - 1,80 ¤

Apocrypha

Books that Protestants do not recognize as part of the Old Testament but that Roman Catholics and some Orthodox churches do. Apocrypha is a Greek word meaning "hidden." Protestants use it for several books that they do not accept as biblical. Catholics prefer the term deuterocanonical. This term means that although the books were not part of the fi rst canon of the Old Testament, they...

1 page - 1,80 ¤

Apocalyptic literature

A kind of literature in JUDAISM, CHRISTIANITY, and GNOSTICISM. An apocalyptic book is called an apocalypse. The best known apocalypse is the NEW TESTAMENT book of REVELATION. The word "apocalyptic" comes from a Greek word that means "to uncover," thus "to reveal something that is hidden." The second meaning is a good indication of what apocalyptic literature does. Apocalyptic literature provides knowledge to which people otherwise would not...

1 page - 1,80 ¤

ANTI-SEMITISM IN THE MODERN PERIOD AND THE PRESENT

The movement of thought known as the Enlightenment (the 17th century to the 18th century) changed the position of Jews in European society. It taught that all human beings, by virtue of being human, enjoyed certain basic civil rights. According to the American "Declaration of Independence," these rights included "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness." Infl uenced by this kind of thinking, one European country...

1 page - 1,80 ¤

ANTI-SEMITISM IN THE MEDIEVAL AND REFORMATION PERIODS

During the Middle Ages, anti-Semitic activity shifted from the regions around the Mediterranean Sea to Europe. Jews were systematically barred from many economic institutions. The theologian Thomas AQUINAS taught that because Jews were guilty of deicide ("killing God"), princes were permitted to take their property whenever they wanted. Especially from 1200 on, Jews were required to live in separate areas, sometimes surrounded by walls. In Italian these areas...

1 page - 1,80 ¤

ANTI-SEMITISM IN THE ANCIENT WORLD

Although the word was fi rst coined in 1879, anti- Semitism is by no means new. After the conquests of Alexander the Great (d. 323 B.C.E.), Greekspeaking or "Hellenistic" culture became the norm throughout the eastern Mediterranean region and the Near East. Those who favored Hellenistic culture at times looked down upon Jews. Many Greeks valued reason in pursuit of the truth. Some of them saw...

1 page - 1,80 ¤

Anti-Semitism

Words, actions, and attitudes directed against Jews because they are Jews. The term was actually coined in 1879 by Wilhelm Marr, a German conservative politician, to identify an anti-Jewish racial policy that he and his fellow conservatives advocated. In the 20th century anti- Semitism led to the murder of roughly 6 million Jews in the HOLOCAUST....

1 page - 1,80 ¤

Antichrist

In Christianity, a fi gure opposed to CHRIST. The Antichrist is expected to come at the end of time. In the NEW TESTAMENT (see BIBLE, BIBLICAL LITERATURE) only the letters of John mention the Antichrist. In these letters the Antichrist is the person "who denies the Father and the Son." Furthermore, John's letters suggest that many Antichrists are already in the world. That, the letters...

1 page - 1,80 ¤

Anselm

(c. 1033–1109) a medieval Christian thinker Anselm was a BENEDICTINE monk (see MONKS AND NUNS) who rose to become archbishop of CANTERBURY, the most important Christian leader in England. After he died, the Roman Catholic Church offi cially declared him a SAINT. He is venerated on April 21, the date of his death. Anselm is remembered most for the way he tried to prove...

1 page - 1,80 ¤

Animism

Belief in spirits. Strictly speaking, the term animism refers to a theory about the origin of religion. The theory is now widely rejected. Some still use the word to refer to the religious beliefs and practices of indigenous peoples. But the beliefs and practices to which animism refers vary widely. As a result, what animists believe and do must be determined on a case-by-case...

1 page - 1,80 ¤

Animals and religion

The symbolism and role of animals in religion. Animals have had a profound signifi cance for religion as far back as religion can be traced. The famous Old Stone Age cave paintings of game animals undoubtedly had some kind of spiritual meaning. But meaning and attitude have varied greatly from one religious culture to another. In hunting cultures, where animals are a major source of...

1 page - 1,80 ¤

Anglicanism

The form of CHRISTIANITY represented by the Church of England and churches in other parts of the world in "communion" or offi cial association with it. In the early 1530s King Henry VIII (1491–1547) of England wanted to annul his marriage to Catherine of Aragon (1485–1536). The pope refused to grant him an annulment, so Henry and Parliament, in the Act of Supremacy of 1534, declared...

1 page - 1,80 ¤

Angels

Pure spirits devoted to the worship and service of GOD. Most developed religious traditions have a class of beings that range between the human realm and the supreme God or Ultimate Reality. They include lesser gods, SAINTS, ancestral spirits (see ANCESTOR WORSHIP), BODHISATTVAS, and today even aliens from other planets. Angels are among the most prominent, especially in monotheistic (believing in one God) religions. They...

1 page - 1,80 ¤

Ancestor worship

Rituals directed to relatives who have died, based on the belief that the spirits of the dead continue to infl uence the living. Ancestors are concerned with the well-being of their descendants, but also with upholding traditional morality and the traditional family structure. They will bless those who keep traditional sacred values, but they may turn malevolent against unworthy descendants. This entry uses the term ancestor...

1 page - 1,80 ¤

1 2 3 4 5 6 ... 16472 16473 16474 16475 16476 16477 16478 16479 16480 16481 16482 16483 16484 16485 16486 16487 16488 16489 16490 16491 16492 16493 16494 16495 16496 16497 16498 16499 16500 16501 16502 16503 16504 16505 16506 16507 16508 16509 16510 16511 16512 16513 16514 16515 16516 16517 16518 16519 16520 16521 16522 16523 16524 16525 16526 16527 16528 16529 16530 16531 16532 16533 16534 16535 16536 16537 16538 16539 16540 16541 16542 16543 16544 16545 16546 16547 16548 16549 16550 16551 16552 16553 16554 16555 16556 16557 16558 16559 16560 16561 16562 16563 16564 16565 16566 16567 16568 16569 16570 16571 16572 16573 16574 16575 16576 16577 16578 16579 16580 16581 16582 16583 16584 16585 16586 16587 16588 16589 16590 16591 16592 16593 16594 16595 16596 16597 16598 16599 16600 16601 16602 16603 16604 16605 16606 16607 16608 16609 16610 16611 16612 16613 16614 16615 16616 16617 16618 16619 16620 16621 ... 17466 17467 17468 17469 17470 17471

150000 corrigés de dissertation en philosophie

 Maths
 Philosophie
 Littérature
 QCM de culture générale
 Histoire
 Géographie
 Droit