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Indus Valley Civilization - history.

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Indus Valley Civilization - history. I INTRODUCTION Indus Valley Civilization In the Indus valley area now known as Pakistan, an advanced Bronze Age culture rose up about 2500 bc and lasted for nearly 1000 years. Scholars do not know how it began or whether its people were related to those who now occupy Southwest Asia. Nomadic tribes called Aryans invaded the Indus River valley, probably from the region north of the Caspian Sea, in 1500 bc. The Aryan culture became dominant in the area, eclipsing that of its predecessors. © Microsoft Corporation. All Rights Reserved. - history. Indus Valley Civilization (2500?-1700 BC), earliest known civilization of South Asia, corresponding to the Bronze Age cultures of ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, and Crete (Kr&iacu...

« Stone Tablets from Mohenjo-DaroThese stone tablets were found at Mohenjo-Daro, an archaeological site in modern Pakistan. The city of Mohenjo-Daro flourishedduring the Indus Valley civilization (2500?-1700 bc). Merchants used the stone tablets, which show examples of pictographic writing,to mark their goods.Charles and Josette Lenars/Corbis The Indus Valley civilization was first defined by the British archaeologist Sir John Marshall's diggings at Mohenjo-Daro and M. S. Vat's excavations at Harappā (both in whatis now Pakistan) in the 1920s, and it is sometimes called Harapp ān civilization after the latter site. In 1946 the British archaeologist Sir Mortimer Wheeler, excavating atHarapp ā, located stylistically different pottery in the earliest occupied areas. Subsequent discoveries at nearby Kot Diji established that this early pottery at Harapp ābelonged to the early Bronze Age Kot Diji culture. Since 1960 Indian, Pakistani, and Western scholars have defined several additional early Bronze Age cultures at GothĀmri, Sothi, Gumla, and other sites in Pakistan, each of which has some traits in common and contributed to the formation of the Indus Valley civilization. Contributed By:Jim G. ShafferMicrosoft ® Encarta ® 2009. © 1993-2008 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. »

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