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Will American Ideas Tear France Apart?

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?Will American Ideas Tear France Apart? 1) Introduce the document This document is a press article written by Norimitsu Onishi, and published in the NYT in February 2021. This article entitled ?Will American Ideas tear France apart? broaches the polemical topic of ?Woke Culture?, and its consequences on people?s mindsets. ?Woke culture? or ?Cancel culture? are expressions used to describe a phenomenon that consists in changing some features in a culture because they are considered as racist, homophobic, chauvinistic, (?). For instance, Agatha Christie?s novel entitled ?Les dix petits nègres? has been recently renamed ?Ils étaient dix?. It is a very controversial topic since some people blame ?Woke culture? for threatening a country?s cultural heritage. 2) What do a certain number of French intellectuals and political leaders blame woke culture for? As it is mentioned in the beginning of the article, a certain number of French intellectuals and political leaders consider that ?Woke culture? or ?cancel culture? attacks France?s intellectual and cultural heritage, and gnaws at national unity. Some far-right political leaders such as Marine Le Pen consider that woke culture contributes to ?abet Islamism? and to contaminate France with ?the out-of-control woke leftism of American campuses?. The writer even uses a hyperbole to characterize this phenomenon. He qualifies woke culture as ?an existential threat?. 3) Do the detractors of woke culture have opponents? Who are they, what are their goals? French academic students are part of the opponents...

« Sarah Holler Term4 27/03/2021 in France, because the mention of “race has become a bulldozer crushing other subjects”. In addition, for them, “race is not recognized by the government and merely subjective data”, which shows that racial studies in France are pointless. 7) What events made a part of the younger generation change about the issue? Two major events made the younger generation change about this subject. First, a women’s rights protest took place to stand up against the interior minister accused of rape and the justice minister who criticized the #Metoo movement. Also, other protests against police blunders took place after the murder of George Floyd in Minneapolis last year. These events were very impactful because it made people’s mindsets change about “Woke Culture” 8) Who is Mrs Heinich? What does she blame woke culture followers for? Nathalie Heinich is a French sociologist who helped create an “organization against decolonialism and identity politics”. She charges woke culture followers with contributing to spread American-inspired activism. For instance, the students at La Sorbonne stood up against “cultural appropriation” and “blackface”, which are, according to Mrs Heinich, unacceptable actions that threaten French cultural heritage, and the French Republic. 9) What explanations does the pro woke give to explain the attacks they are subjected to? The pro woke highlights the fact that detractors of woke culture are always part of the “straight white male” community, that is to say the ones who benefits from the “white man’s privilege”. Therefore, he implies that these White intellectuals feel threaten by the emergence of young intellectuals (sometimes Black or Muslim) and attack them to maintain their power. 10) According to the journalist, has President Macron always been interested in these matters? Why is (from the journalist’s point of view) his opinion different now? As it is mentioned line 64, “Mr. Macron had shown little interest” in the threat of woke culture in the past. Nonetheless, nowadays, his opinion had changed since he considers that woke culture becomes increasingly threatening because it contributes to “break the Republic in two”. In addition, the President’s concern might have changed because of the increasing youth engagement in this matter. 11) What is the ultimate goal of a great number of woke culture followers? According to them, are the theories stemming from woke culture only American? Like Mr. Taguieff says, the ultimate goal of a great number of woke culture followers is: “decolonize, demasculate, de-Europeanize”, in other words, get rid of the “white man’s privilege”. Therefore, they assert the importance of increasing and accepting diversity and multiculturalism. According to them, the theories stemming from woke culture only American are absurd, because “many of the leading thinkers behind theories on gender, race, post- »


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