Devoir de Philosophie

Civil rights in Ireland

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Civil rights I'm going to present you the civil rights movements that appeared in Ireland in the 1960s. These movements have emerged to fight inequality that divided the Catholics and the Protestants in Northern Ireland. Firstly, in 1963, a moderate unionist, Terence O'Neill, became Prime Minister of Northern Ireland. He expressed a desire to improve community relations in Northern Ireland and to create a better rapport with the government in Dublin, hoping this would resolve the sense of alienation felt by Catholics. However, reforms were too slow in coming for the minority Catholic population (and in his own Ulster Unionist Party (UUP), O'Neill also met with opposition from William Craig and Brian Faulkner). Then, in 1967, the Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association was created. This association campaigned for civil rights for the Roman Catholic minority in Northern Ireland (during the late 1960s and early 1970s). (The civil rights...

« Oral – 1963 : Terence O'Neill wants to resolve the feeling of alienation felt by Catholics – 1967 : creation of the Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association – October 1968 : the civil rights movement in Northern Ireland became internationally known – Reforms are expected for the allocation of public housing, a "one man, one vote" electoral system, the end of gerrymandering, a fair employment, and a restructuring of the RUC (Royal Ulster Constabulary) – December 1968 : O'Neill made a speech appealing for calm – August 1971 : introduction of internment → the persons suspected of terrorism can be arrested without evidence (preuve) or trial ( procès) – 1975 : end of internment »

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