Devoir de Philosophie

Kholle - The Great Gatsby, F. Scott Fitzegerald - La Vallée des cendres - Gatsby

Publié le 27/07/2022

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« Colle - The Great Gatsby, F. Scott Fitzegerald Chapter II from the beginning to p28 : « … he doesn’t know he’s alive » Introduction : - The Great Gatsby, written in 1925 by Francis Scott Fitzgerald - F.S.F comes from a wealthy family, lived and wrote upon his own time, in the 1920s - 1920s : Roaring Twenties (1920s-1929), Jazz Age (French : ‘‘Mad Years’’ : idea of duality) - Chapter 2 : beginning, process of setting the scene, the land - extract about the Valley of Ashes IAS : How can the Valley of Ashes symbolize the reality and disillusion of the Roaring Twenties ? To what extent this extract and this fictional description are a criticism of the American world of the 1920s ? I. Disillusion of the Roaring Twenties (‘’Mad Years’’) 1. The harsh reality a. A real place - l.1 : « about half way between West Egg and New York » : mapping effect - description : pectoral dimension : the reader can imagine it - the place looks like Hooverville : shanty town - // H. Hoover : president from 1929-1933, Republican - V.of Ashes is inspired by ‘Flushing Meadow’ according to Broccoli - FM = real place, related to the war : swampland filled with garbage garbage b. A colorless poverty - l.5 : « ashes grow like wheat » : disenchantment, ashes = waste, - l.6 : « grey-ash men » « grey cars » : no color, no identity, a dull mass entertainment fix - one of the store is the garage = a place of dirty work, to - background of entertainment, to repair luxurious cars misery Ashes - l.30 : « only three stores » : nothing else, desert place, no - l.102 : « ‘Terrible place, isn’t it’ said Tom » : opposition rich/poor, 2. Wasteland of Capitalism a. Slavery to Capitalism ? - l.1 : V.of Ashes is near New York : ashes come from industries - it is a waste land, consequences of the Roaring Twenties - when the train stops, everyone can watch : entertainment ? - the train goes to New York : rich people staring at the V.of - superiority of the richer // Fitzhugh : Slavery to Capitalism - compatible with the American dream ? b. Mass consomption and advertising consumerism superficiality - advertising of T.J. Eckleburg : world of mass consomption, - eyes of T.J. Eckleburg = symbol of meaninglessness, - l.23 : the eyes are « dimmed a little by many paintless day » - dull, faded : eyes = God ? -> absence of religion - they forgot about it, they drank to excess, had sex … - // Prohibition : 18th amendment, 1919 -> opposite effect : excess II. An ill-fated world 1. Doomed lives a. The eyes... »

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