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Homework page Billie Jean King : Billie Jean King, born Billie Jean Moffitt on November 22, 1943 in Long Beach (California), is an American tennis player. Considered one of the greatest female players of all time, King has won 129 titles, including twelve Grand Slam singles titles. She was also an outstanding player in women's doubles and mixed doubles, for a total of 39 Grand Slam titles. King is equally well known for her commitment to gender equality and the recognition of women's sport. She founded the Women's Tennis Association (WTA) an exclusively female tournament in 1973, of which she became the first president. In September 2020, the Fed Cup is renamed in his name. Billie Jean King also remains famous for her victory in 1973 over Bobby Riggs who was openly macho and a dementor of women's tennis, world number one in the mid-1940s. The 1968 Olympics Black Power Salute The 1968 Olympic Games in Mexico City during the medal ceremony for the 200-meter race American Tommy Smith wins gold Australian Peter Norman wins silver and American John Carlos wins bronze. Carlos and Tommy involved in organizing the Olympic Human Rights Project decided to take a stand when they were on the podium receiving their medals Smith and Carlos had no shoes and wore black socks which symbolize poverty of the black population and a black glove each, when the US national anthem started, they raised their fists to symbolize black power and they bowed their heads. Peter Norman supported their movement by wearing the human rights badge to combat racism and racist government policies in Australia. Norman even suggested that Smith and Carlos each wear a glove from the same pair of gloves after one of them forgot their pair. The discrimination of segregation and racism were immediately condemned very strongly by the crowd who started to applaud when they realized what was going on. Smith and Carlos were kicked out of the game, suspended from the US Olympic team, followed by the FBI. Avery Brundage then president of the International Olympic Committee described the protest as an insult to the Mexican host and a disgrace to the United States. Peter Norman was also heavily criticized upon his return to Australia. He was suspended from the Games 1972 Olympics in Munich. The Australian government has not apologized for the treatment to Norman and the latter received in 2012, six years after his death real recognition and during the funeral of Norman Smith and Carlos had been carriers, you can now see a statue depicting this time at the Smithsonian National Museum of History and that of African-American culture in Washington DC. Black Lives Matter Before being a movement Black Lives Matter was a hashtag used on social media. Since 2013, the movement has never ceased to be talked about. The reason: the many African-American murders. Today this slogan has become one of the most influential in the defense of civil rights. The activist movement Black Lives Matter was founded in the United States in 2013 by the African American community, Alicia Garza, a black activist, is the originator of Black Lives Matter. On July 13, 2013, the activist wrote a mood note following the acquittal of George Zimmerman on suspicion of killing Trayvon Martin, a 17-year-old African American. At the end of her post, she writes: “Black people. I love you. I love us. Our lives matter ”. Another woman, Patrisse Cullors answers him: "Black Lives Matter" He militates in particular against the police violence towards the racialized people, and against the systemic racism in the country.

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