Devoir de Philosophie

Georges Washington devoir d'euro-histoire anglais

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We can see his face on every dollar bill, every American knows his
name and what he means to their country, also known as the father
of the United States, George Washington. This emblematic figure of
the USA born on February 22, 1732 in Pop’s Creek was an American
statesman. He comes from a long line of rich planters, his greatgrand-Father John Washington owning the plantation since 1674
and was the son of Augustine and Mary Ball Washington. He was
educated and cultivated himself by observing and reading books.
Washington began as a soldier during the French and Indian War
(1754 -1765) and became lieutenant at the age of 22. In 1775,
during the War of Independence, Washington became Commanderin-Chief of the Continental Forces. As the leader of these American forces, he won most of
their battles and led future American citizens to victory, freedom and independence.
Subsequently, it was in 1789 that he was unanimously elected the first president of the
United States of America. He then began two terms of office (1789 -1797). Finally, it was on
December 14, 1799 that George Washington died on his Mount Vernon estate of an
infection of the throats. This figure was at the origin of the development of the USA as an
independent state, from the beginning of his first term he settled the foreign relations
especially with Great Britain but also settled the differences of opinion within the territory
while laying the foundations for the good development of the country.
After the signing of the Treaty of Paris, which ended the War of Independence in 1783,
some problems persisted, and some resentment was present. Therefore, the Treaty of Amity
was signed in 1795, also known as the Treaty of Jay (named after John Jay (1745-1829) the
first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States). Thus, the Treaty aims to erase
animosity between the two countries and to promote trade between
the country of the old continent and that of the new continent.
Washington’s objective is to maintain good international relations,
particularly with Great Britain, with the aim of remaining connected
to the world and making money, notably through trade. But not only
that, the treaty also stipulated that any American Indian citizen or
settler could travel freely between the USA and Canada, which was
then under British control. As a result of this agreement the British
forts on the western border of the United States are withdrawn
without forgetting that it also settles some of the debt problems that
the new government must solve. Aside from this treaty, Washington
insists on the country’s neutrality about any conflict. The US
government is neutral and does not interfere in any foreign affairs that do not concern it. He
re-emphasized the importance of political neutrality about other nations in his farewell
speech in 1796 and said, “The great rule of conduct for us in regard to foreign nations is in

extending our commercial relations, to have with them as little political connection as
possible. "
So, we are now asking ourselves what is happening to relations within the country itself. In
this way, from his first term in office the founding father
of the USA solves most of the international problems.
First, upon coming to power in 1789, Washington
changed the location of the capital, in 1790, from
Philadelphia to the location of the new capital on the
East Shore between the North and South of the Territory
along the Potomac River, which would become
Washington, D.C. A presidential residence will be built
there, the famous white house. There are several
reasons for this change, the first being the desire for
total independence from the British colonial empire and the second being the desire to unify
the territory between the North and the South and thus the proximity of the two parts of the
territory. Subsequently, in 1791, the first bank of the United States was created and those
with the aim of encode once emancipate themselves to the maximum from the colonial
power of Great Britain and become as independent as possible. But not only that, the
creation of this bank will also make it possible to repay national debts through more
effective fiscality. Thus, after this war of independence the American government advocated
freedom and development, understood here as emancipation at first. Finally, the first
president of the United States tried to unite as much as possible the local populations
(Indians and settlers), the different ideas and the North and South of the territory under the
same government by awakening a feeling of nationalism among the inhabitants of the
country he was born. He repeatedly warned of the dangerous nature of political
disagreement and the division of the government into several political parties, and
mentioned this last time in his speech at the end of the presidency in 1796 “Let me now take
a more comprehensive view, and warn you in the most solemn manner against the baneful
(catastrophic) effects of the spirit of party generally. . . It serves always to distract the public
councils and enfeeble (weaken) the public administration. It agitates the community with illfounded jealousies and false alarms, kindles (to light) the animosity of one part against
another, foments occasionally riot and insurrection. . .”
To conclude, Washington founded the USA as we know them today, whether by fighting
with continental forces or by disrupting and laying the foundations for the nation’s
development, it managed to steer its state towards a secure future. So, it is as the founder
and first president of the United States of America, as one of the best American presidents
that George Washington is known to this day. He marked the young history of the Pentagon
by all he did for his country.

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