Devoir de Philosophie

Georges Washington devoir d'euro-histoire anglais

Publié le 20/11/2021

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WHY WAS WASHINGTON’S PRESIDENCE SO IMPORTANT FOR THE COUNTRY? We can see his face on every dollar bill, every American knows his name and what he means to their country, also known as the father of the United States, George Washington. This emblematic figure of the USA born on February 22, 1732 in Pop’s Creek was an American statesman. He comes from a long line of rich planters, his greatgrand-Father John Washington owning the plantation since 1674 and was the son of Augustine and Mary Ball Washington. He was educated and cultivated himself by observing and reading books. Washington began as a soldier during the French and Indian War (1754 -1765) and became lieutenant at the age of 22. In 1775, during the War of Independence, Washington became Commanderin-Chief of the Continental Forces. As the leader of these American forces, he won most of their battles and led future American citizens to victory, freedom and independence. Subsequently, it was in 1789 that he was unanimously elected the first president of the United States of America. He then began two terms of office (1789 -1797). Finally, it was on December 14, 1799 that George Washington died on his Mount Vernon estate of an infection of the throats. This figure was at the origin of the development of the USA as an independent state, from the beginning of his first term he settled the foreign relations especially with Great Britain but also settled the differences of opinion within the territory while laying the foundations for the good development of the country. After the signing of the Treaty of Paris, which ended the War of Independence in 1783, some problems persisted, and some resentment was present. Therefore, the Treaty of Amity was signed in 1795, also known as the Treaty of Jay (named after John Jay (1745-1829) the first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States). Thus, the Treaty aims to erase animosity between the two countries and to promote trade between the country of the old continent and that of the new continent. Washington’s objective is to maintain good international relations, particularly with Great Britain, with the aim of remaining connected to the world and making money, notably through trade. But not only that, the treaty also stipulated that any American Indian citizen or settler could travel freely between the USA and Canada, which was then under British control. As a result of this agreement the British forts on the western border of the United States are withdrawn without forgetting that it also settles some of the debt problems that the new government must solve. Aside from this treaty, Washington insists on the country’s neutrality about any conflict. The US government is neutral and does not interfere in any foreign affairs that do not concern it. He re-emphasized the importance of political neutrality about other nations in his farewell speech in 1796 and said, “The great rule of conduct for us in regard to foreign nations is in extending our commercial relations, to have with them as little political connection as possible. " So, we are now asking ourselves what is happening to relations within the country itself. In this way, from his first term in office the founding father of the USA solves most of the international problems. First, upon coming to power in 1789, Washington changed the location of the capital, in 1790, from Philadelphia to the location of the new capital on the East Shore between the North and South of the Territory along the Potomac River, which would become Washington, D.C. A presidential residence will be built there, the famous white house. There are several reasons for this change, the first being the desire for total independence from the British colonial empire and the second being the desire to unify the territory between the North and the South and thus the proximity of the two parts of the territory. Subsequently, in 1791, the first bank of the United States was created and those with the aim of encode once emancipate themselves to the maximum from the colonial power of Great Britain and become as independent as possible. But not only that, the creation of this bank will also make it possible to repay national debts through more effective fiscality. Thus, after this war of independence the American government advocated freedom and development, understood here as emancipation at first. Finally, the first president of the United States tried to unite as much as possible the local populations (Indians and settlers), the different ideas and the North and South of the territory under the same government by awakening a feeling of nationalism among the inhabitants of the country he was born. He repeatedly warned of the dangerous nature of political disagreement and the division of the government into several political parties, and mentioned this last time in his speech at the end of the presidency in 1796 “Let me now take a more comprehensive view, and warn you in the most solemn manner against the baneful (catastrophic) effects of the spirit of party generally. . . It serves always to distract the public councils and enfeeble (weaken) the public administration. It agitates the community with illfounded jealousies and false alarms, kindles (to light) the animosity of one part against another, foments occasionally riot and insurrection. . .” To conclude, Washington founded the USA as we know them today, whether by fighting with continental forces or by disrupting and laying the foundations for the nation’s development, it managed to steer its state towards a secure future. So, it is as the founder and first president of the United States of America, as one of the best American presidents that George Washington is known to this day. He marked the young history of the Pentagon by all he did for his country.

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